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The Death of Edward Druitt

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  • #16
    And in the 1881 census, (click) Amy Weld, also born Chideock. She was head of a convent in Bristol.

    Click image for larger version

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    Convent of the Good Shepherd & Arno's Court Reformatory (Miss Amy Weld, Lady Superioress: Rev. Charles Kleineidam, chaplain) Brislington, Bristol

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    From Paul Townsend's Bristol Site

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    • #17
      http://www.childrenshomes.org.uk/BristolArnosRfy/

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      • #18
        Chideock had an enduring tradition of Roman Catholicism which at times was rather risky.

        https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chideock

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        • #19
          The inmates had a strange approach to lining up for a photo.

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          • #20
            In Post 7 on this thread, Phillip mentioned how Edward Druitt presided over the Quintinshill railway disaster. I recently read the following in the July 1995 issue of Ripperana.

            He presided over the inquiry into Britain's worst ever railway accident, that on 22 May 1915 at Quintinshill in Scotland, resulting in 217 fatalities and 191 serious injuries, mainly among military personnel. Druitt stated that the calamity was caused "entirely by the inexcusable carelessness and inattention to duty" of the two signalmen. The memory of the scene is said to have haunted them for the rest of their lives.

            Those two Druitt brothers, Montague and Edward, do have their names featured prominently in two major stories. I'm not familiar with the 1915 railway disaster, but I could imagine how difficult life must have been afterwards for those two signalmen who were involved in the death of so many passengers.

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            • #21
              I'll have to check it out but IIRC they were jailed for manslaughter. They were released early when it was discovered that some of the blame was down to the North British Railway Company on whose line the accident occurred. Principally that the signalmen were doing 12 or even 16 hour shifts which was something Druitt commented on.

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              • #22
                See following information on the disaster and Druitt's role in the first of three enquiries into the tragedy

                The Quintinshill rail disaster
                occurred on 22 May 1915 near Gretna Green, Dumfriesshire, Scotland at Quintinshill, an intermediate signal box with passing loops on each side on the Caledonian Railway Main Line linking Glasgow and Carlisle (now part of the West Coast Main Line).

                The crash, which involved five trains, killed a probable 226 and injured 246 and remains the worst rail crash in the United Kingdom in terms of loss of life. Those killed were mainly Territorial soldiers from the 1/7th (Leith) Battalion, the Royal Scots heading for Gallipoli. The precise death toll was never established with confidence as the roll list of the regiment was destroyed by the fire.

                The crash occurred when a troop train travelling from Larbert, Stirlingshire to Liverpool, Lancashire collided with a local passenger train that had been shunted on to the main line, to then be hit by an express train to Glasgow which crashed into the wreckage a minute later. Gas from the lighting system of the old wooden carriages of the troop train ignited, starting a fire which soon engulfed the three passenger trains and also two goods trains standing on nearby passing loops. Some bodies were never recovered, having been wholly consumed by the fire, and the bodies that were recovered were buried together in a mass grave in Edinburgh's Rosebank Cemetery. Four bodies, believed to be of children, were never identified or claimed and are buried in the Western Necropolis, Glasgow.

                More at https://www.geni.com/projects/Quinti...Disaster/25968

                As noted, the first enquiry into the disaster was the Board of Trade Enquiry headed by Druitt.

                The . . . Board of Trade enquiry, headed by Lieutenant-Colonel E Druitt of the Railway Inspectorate. . . started on 25 May in the County Hall, Carlisle. Druitt questioned many witnesses, including Meakin, Tinsley, and Fireman Hutchinson, all of whom were open and honest about their illegal actions. He also criticised Alexander Thorburn, CR Stationmaster of Gretna, who had jurisdiction over Quintinshill box, but was apparently unaware of Tinsley hitching a lift on the local train.

                Druitt concluded that even if the troop train had been electrically lit, a fire would still have ensued, as the coal train had also caught fire. That is debatable, and in any case, what Druitt failed to consider was that in the crash the source of the fire was under and directly inside old wooden carriages, which undoubtedly was the main cause of the high number of deaths.

                Druitt also said the disaster could have been averted had the section had electric track circuiting. Track circuits worked whereby an electric circuit was run via running rails in each track section carried a low voltage circuit to an apparatus in the signalbox. When this circuit was shorted by the wheels and axles of trains, the apparatus switched, indicating that the line was occupied. The same principle is still used today, alerting signalling centres but now also interlocked to signals, which automatically turn to danger when the circuit is shorted. Track circuiting however was in its infancy in 1915 and the CR had decided that Quintinshill did not warrant circuiting. Druitt was correct, however, that had it been done, then the collision may never have happened. On the other hand, with the obvious confusion in the signalbox that morning, there is no guarantee that it would not have been likewise overlooked.

                There can be little surprise that Druitt squarely laid the blame at the feet of George Meakin and James Tinsley. He stated in his report,

                “This disastrous collision was thus due to want of discipline on the part of the signalmen, first by changing duty at an unauthorised hour, which caused Tinsley to be occupied in writing up the Train Register Book, and so diverted his attention from his proper work, secondly by Meakin handing over the duty in a very lax manner; and, thirdly by both signalmen neglecting to carry out various rules specially framed for preventing accidents due to forgetfulness on the part of signalmen.”

                High Court Trial (Scotland)

                The Trial against George Meakin, James Tinsley and Thomas Hutchinson proceeded on 24 September 2015 on charges of Culpable Homicide and Breach of Duty, in the High Court of Justiciary, Edinburgh; the highest court in Scots Law. The trial was presided over by Lord Justice General, Lord Strathclyde, with Lord Advocate of Scotland Robert Munro KC prosecuting, and Condie Sandieman KC defending. The three men entered pleas of Not Guilty.

                The trial only lasted a day and a half. Sandieman stated that Hutchinson had no case to answer, which the Prosecution and Lord Strathclyde agreed with, and the jury of 15 (Scots jury) were instructed to find him Not Guilty. Sandieman tried to convince the court that neither Meakin nor Tinsley had been criminally negligent but that the accident was due to a momentary loss of memory on the part of James Tinsley. . .

                The Jury retired at 12:40 on 25 September to consider their verdict. They returned at 12:48, duly acquitted Hutchinson as instructed, and found George Meakin and James Tinsley guilty of Culpable Homicide and Breach of Duty. Meakin was sentenced to eighteen months imprisonment and Tinsley received three years penal servitude. Both were in fact released on 16 December 1916 and returned to work on the Caledonian Railway; Tinsley as a Lampman, and Meakin as Good Trains Guard. This apparent leniency was in fact due to a labour shortage created by men leaving their jobs to go and fight in the war.

                More at https://toeragmctavish.wordpress.com...lway-disaster/
                Christopher T. George, Lyricist & Co-Author, "Jack the Musical"
                https://www.facebook.com/JackTheMusical/ Hear sample song at https://tinyurl.com/y8h4envx.

                Organizer, RipperCon #JacktheRipper-#True Crime Conferences, April 2016 and 2018.
                Hear RipperCon 2016 & 2018 talks at http://www.casebook.org/podcast/.

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